What Is A Traumatic Brain Injury?

What is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)? – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

TBI Rehab

What is TBI? An abbreviation for traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a form of damage to the brain caused by an external force. , typically due to a blow, fall, or collision (e.g., car accident).

The severity of the TBI depends on the force and speed of impact as well as the part of the brain that was impacted. TBI can occur in any age group but is more common in children and adolescents due to their increased relative proportion of active time outdoors compared to adults.

TBI is the leading cause of death and disability among children and adolescents. The occurrence of TBI has increased in recent years, with some studies estimating that the number of new TBIs may double by 2020. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a form of damage to the brain caused by an external force such as a blow, fall, or collision.


Usually, these injuries happen to people who are outside and face a sudden impact with the ground and their head, leading to their brain moving inside the skull. This can cause injury in the parts of the brain that govern consciousness and movement, but it can also result in injuries in other parts of the brain where sensory information is processed or motor control is located.


Causes of TBIs: How They Happen and the Risks of Long-Term Effects of TBI

The major causes of traumatic brain injury are falls, sports injuries, motor vehicle accidents, and assault. Each cause presents various risks and impacts to the individual. Falls can be caused by slipping on ice or uneven ground as well as falling downstairs or out of bed. 

Unexpected slips Symptoms of a TBI and How to Identify Them in an Emergency Situation

Symptoms may include: 

Headaches, Sensitivity to light and glare Inability to concentrate on tasks for more than fifteen minutes at a time Nausea and vomiting severe irritability, mood swings, personality changes, change in sleep patterns increased sensitivity to noise, smells, or tastes. 


Changes in vision disorientation, confusion, Dizziness, Spontaneous seizure. People with a TBI may also experience: Seizures, Slurred speech, bleeding from the ear, Nausea or vomiting, Sensory problems Blurred vision Decreased vision upset stomach, or digestive problems. 

TBI can also cause: Amnesia and loss of short-term memory depression, anxiety, or other mood disorders neurological deficit sharing, smell, taste nerve damage symptoms of a TBI and How to Identify Them in an Emergency situation individual who has sustained a traumatic brain
Treatment Options for People with Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries Mild TBI is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) that does not result in a long-term loss or severe disability.

There are many different ways in which the injury can manifest, and it can be difficult to diagnose. Mild TBI can carry with it a multitude of. Mild traumatic brain injuries are those that leave a person largely unharmed but which cause physical, cognitive, or emotional symptoms.

Mild traumatic brain injuries can be caused by falls and sports-related accidents or by a number of other causes including being hit in the head with a fist, falling off a bike, or being involved in a motor vehicle crash.

Treatment Options for People with Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries:-Rest and stay in bed. Home rest is usually recommended while waiting for the symptoms to settle down. This allows the body to recover from the concussion and recuperate. -Physical Therapy-Physical therapy can be useful for a few weeks to help with any physical symptoms or to help with recovery from the injury.

Medications may be used for the treatment of certain symptoms, such as pain relief or the management of psychiatric disorders. -Consult with a Physical Therapist-Consultation with a physical therapist can provide information on how to improve.


About The Author

Tiffany Dyar

Tiffany Dyar is the former Executive Director for The Center for Health Innovation & Implementation Science, and the former Program Manager at Regenstrief Institute.Tiffany has co-authored several medical publications including The American Journal of Critical Care  Journal of General Internal Medicine Trials Journal  Best Practices in Mental Health  & The New England Journal of Medicine

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